Rape and Sexual Violence

By | August 29, 2019

Whatever the reasons are, every case of sexual violence requires a separate analysis. The reasons may be very different: one of them should not be underestimated, and others should not be overestimated in turn.

Consequences of violence are violations of physical and mental development, called by the experts an inability to thrive. All the victims who have suffered from abuse have experienced trauma, resulting in their further developed with some personal, emotional and behavioral characteristics, negatively affecting their future life (Draucker and Martsolf 1155-82).

Besides the risk of getting sexually transmitted diseases during sexual violence, along with traumas, bleeding, tearing of tissues, a variety of psychosomatic illnesses that may be observed: obesity or, conversely, sharp weight loss caused by disturbances of appetite, skin rashes, allergic pathology, stomach ulcers are quite often, as well as unexplained (if no abdomen organs or pelvis diseases are detected) lower abdominal pain (Koss 130-142).

The most universal and severe reaction to sexual abuse is low self-esteem, which contributes to preservation and consolidation of psychological disorders associated with violence. Person with low self-esteem experiences guilt, shame, and constant belief in one’s own inferiority. Most victims have a high incidence of depression. This manifests itself in bouts of anxiety, unreasonable sadness, loneliness, and sleep disorders (Koss 130-142; Draucker and Martsolf 1155-82).

Even attempts to commit suicide or completed suicide can be observed. Violence victims have difficulty in socialization. Thus, a child abused in childhood, often finds solution to its problems in criminal, asocial environment, which is often involves the addiction to alcohol or drugs, they start stealing and committing other criminal acts. Girls often become engaged in prostitution, boys may experience disrupted sexual orientation. Both subsequently have difficulty creating their own family; they cannot give their children enough warmth, because their own emotional problems remain unresolved (Draucker and Martsolf 1155-82).

Social losses resulted from sexual violence are dramatic. They, above all, include the loss of lives due to violence or suicides of victims, loss of the productive members of society as victims due to disorder of their mental and physical health, low educational and professional level, and criminal behavior. These losses include parents able to raise physically and morally healthy children. Finally, this is the reproduction of violence in society, as the former victims themselves often become rapists.

 

Works Cited:

Draucker, Claire and Donna Martsolf. “Life-Course Typology of Adults Who Experienced Sexual Violence,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25.7 (2010): 1155-1182. Print.

Koss, Mary P., Bailey, Jennifer A., Yuan, Nicole P., Herrera, Veronica M. and Erika L. Lichter. “Depression and PTSD in Survivors of Male Violence: Research and Training Initiatives to Facilitate Recovery,” Psychology of Women Quarterly 27.2 (2003): 130-142. Print.

Messerschmidt, James. “Becoming “Real Men”: Adolescent Masculinity Challenges and Sexual Violence,” Men and Masculinities 2.3 (2000): 286-307. Print.

Phipps, Alison. “Rape and Respectability: Ideas about Sexual Violence and Social Class,” Sociology 43.4 (2009): 667-683. Print.